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The Meaning of the Swastika Cross and Other Emblems of the Same Nature

Author: Girard de Rialle
Keywords: swastika; Robert K. Stevenson; lightning; thunderbolts; Aryans; hook-shaped cross; Girard de Rialle; Anthropology Society of Paris; India; Asia Minor; Europe; Poland; Slavs; Ionians; Lydians; Christians; amen; Halicarnassus; Rig-Veda; good luck charm; Thor; Zeus; Jupiter; Donar; Woden; Odin; Perun; Perkunas; Parjanya; Indra; Sivaism; lingam; Bronze Age; Stone Age; superstition; ax-hammer; mythological tradition
Language: English
Collection: opensource


The meaning of the swastika and its origins are discussed here in this classic 1880 presentation by Girard de Rialle to the Anthropology Society of Paris. De Rialle points out that the swastika was regarded as a good luck charm in ancient times and has been found on numerous objects uncovered at prehistoric sites throughout Europe, Asia Minor, and India. With respect to the swastika's origin, de Rialle provides evidence that the swastika's hook shape represents the weapon of the god of lightning (Thor, Zeus, Jupiter for the Scandinavians, Greeks, and Romans respectively).

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Reviewer: gerrykuhn - 5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars - September 21, 2011
Subject: Enlightening work!
This is an extremely enlightening and valuable historical work by Girard de Rialle on what came to be the most controversial symbol of the 20th Century--the swastika. Clearly an outstanding scholar, de Rialle was Chief of the Archives Division of the French Foreign Ministry in 1880 when he presented his findings on the swastika's meaning and origin to his Anthropology Society of Paris colleagues. Little did he know that 60 years later the "good luck charm," as people of ancient times regarded the swastika, would come to have a quite different meaning to tens of millions of people worldwide. We are most grateful to Robert K. Stevenson for his excellent translation of this masterly presentation by de Rialle.
-- Professor Gerald Kuhn

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Identifier: TheMeaningOfTheSwastikaCrossAndOtherEmblemsOfTheSameNature
Mediatype: texts
Identifier-ark: ark:/13960/t3126vc62
Ppi: 300
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